WHO WE ARE
The Forest Management Institute (FMI),
in Czech ÚHÚL, is a government organization established by the Ministry
of Agriculture of the Czech Republic.
SUBJECT OF ACTIVITY
. Forest inventory in the Czech Republic (FI)
Forest inventory is the independent survey of forest lands and their
development. By means of the forest inventory information collected, the
organization's focus is especially on growing stock and the forest's
functionality as an important renewable natural resource and crucial part
of the environment. The most modern terrain equipment is used for the data
. The compilation and administration of Regional Plans
of Forest Development (RPFD) data including the execution of uniform
forest typologic system in the Czech Republic Regional Plans of Forest
Development (RPFD) are the defining principles of forest management
according to the natural forest areas in the Czech Republic. They stem
from the concept of sustainable forest management and hope to minimize
conflict between societal interests and those of particular forest owners.
These principles serve as information resources for executing forest
management plans, forest management outlines, as well as the support for
government administration decision making.
. Information and Data Centre (IDC) for forest and game
management sector of the Czech Republic The Information and Data
Centre executes the administration of the central database and archives on
forests and game management in the Czech Republic which includes
monitoring data and other related information. The most important function
is the regular administration and entry of forest and forest management
data collected in the Czech Republic and the accessibility of this data to
the bodies of forest administration in the government and to the
. Providing information services within forest
certification of the Czech Republic Forest certification is the
process of an independent organization issuing a certificate confirming
that forest management fulfills the predefined criteria of sustainable
forest management. The National Certification Centre is a department of
the FMI. The National Certification Centre provides information service
and support for the implementation of forest certification in the Czech
Republic. In addition to the above mentioned activities, every year the
FMI contributes to the "Forest and Forest Management Report of the
Czech Republic", elaboration of other analysis, methodologies,
layouts and prognosis. The FMI is also involved in domestic and
international research projects as well as working in the area of
consultation, methodological and edification activities.
To execute the above mentioned activities, FMI
entrusts only experienced experts and top technical
equipment. Commensurate with its primary role in forest management, FMI is a
notable participant in the
technological development of the field and is also active in the generation and
evolution of forest policies
Forest management in what is now the Czech Republic
began approximately 260 years ago. Since the latter half of the 18th
century, various methods were developed by offices of individual large forest
owners. The establishment of Czechoslovakia in 1918
brought about further developments as a result of the new government's interest
in elucidating guidelines for a united forest
methodology and policy.
The Ministry of Agriculture established The Forest Mensurational Office in
Brandıs nad Labem in 1935 as a substitute for the
abandoned offices of the Regional State Forests and Farms Directories. Out of
the centralization of these offices into an
independent institution, the current Forest Management Institute was
established. Under the influence of political and historical
changes for over 60 years, the organization changed its name and vocation
several times, yet, its central position within the field of
forest management and its basic internal structure remained the same.
From 1918 until the period of the Second World War, FMI elaborated forest
management plans, executed real estates evaluation
and land measuring and cartographic activities for the needs of State forests
and farms. Their area of influence changed
continuously as a result of the emergence of the first Czechoslovak land reform,
which in itself was due to the conquest of frontier
areas by Germany after Munich in 1938 and after the Czech and Moravia
protectorate in 1939.
Forest site mapping commenced in 1941. The mapped forest sites were
characterised by forest community. Based on this
evaluation the sites then had target species composition defined for them. Thus
the background for forest typology was established.
Geodetic service was established in 1942.
A government act in 1944 (including application-of-law instruction) was created
entirely by Czech foresters without any occupant
interference. This act introduced a new biologic conception of forest management
which included ecological elements.
In post-war years, working-plan officers served as special executives in forest
establishment. Forest management plans were
renewed within the organization in 1947. In 1956, a second cycle of regeneration
started for the FMP. The systematic usage of
computers was initiated during the third cycle FMP regeneration in 1971. Thus
began the establishment of the information database.
By the ordinance of MLVHSR no:13/1978 Coll. the institute was entrusted with
creating a summary of forest management plans
(SFMP) in five-year cycles. At the end of the 1980s, the institute made the
transition to operational usage of geographic information
systems (GIS). The employees of the institute also started to develop a true
Czech GIS - Topo Land mensurational programme - TAX.
This programme, in conjunction with additional programmes, highlighted the need
for the creation of a country-wide data
management tool. After 1989 and the resulting change in property relations, the
institute has been involved in the restitution process
of forest properties. In 1997, these duties were transferred to the capable
hands of private entities employing former institute
Nowadays the institute is specifically charged with executing forest inventory
in the Czech Republic, elaboration and administration
of regional plans of forest development. These include the administration of
united typological systems of the Czech Republic and
administration of information and data centres of the forest management and
Other significant foreign activities of FMI started in 1958 (e.g. Mongolia).
Since 1958, FMI has co-operated in many significant
international projects (specialised mostly to forest inventory and rational
forest management) in countries such as: Tanzania, Yemen, Congo, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Laos, Cambodia, Angola, Guinea, Mozambique,
Nigeria, and others. Currently, projects are
ongoing in Kamchatka, Morocco and Canada (Ecological Site Mapping of the UBC Alex Fraser Research Forest).